We frequently get questions regarding the difference between SPT-1 and SPT-2 wire. There is a lot of confusion and even long time professionals don’t fully understand the difference and what makes one better than the other. You’ll also find incorrect listings all over the Internet stating that SPT-2 cord can carry more amperage. This is not accurate information. The only difference between SPT-1 and SPT-2 is the insulation. Contrary to popular belief, thicker insulation does not translate into being able to carry a higher load. Before going any further and explaining when one type of cord should be used over the other, here’s the simple answer as to what the difference is between the two ratings:
SPT-1 – Standard Insulation – .03″ (16 and 18 gauge) – Max Load 7 Amps
SPT-2 Thicker Insulation – .045″ (16 and 18 gauge) – Max Load 7 Amps
When installing Christmas lights and decorations, zip cord and light line are often used. These are usually made from 18/2 wire. However from time to time 16/2 cord may also be used and in some cases a very thick 14/2. But since most Christmas lighting and decorating projects utilize 18/2, we’ll focus on that for now. When looking at the two numbers for the zip cord, 18/2, the 18 refers to the size of the wire, which in this case is 18 gauge. The 2 means there are two wires that make up the cord. The smaller the number, the thicker the wire. So a 16 gauge cord is thicker than a 18 gauge.
As far as the SPT rating, this is simply the thickness of the insulation that surrounds the copper wires. 18/2, SPT-1 wire has an insulation thickness of .030″ and 18/2, SPT-2 has insulation that is .045″ thick.
Because SPT-2 has more insulation, it is often recommended for cold conditions where the insulation tends to get brittle and crack. However, in our own testing as well as feedback from other pro installers, we have not found any significant improvement in cold conditions. Even in the frigid Alaskan winters, we’ve had customers using SPT-1 without any issues.
The only situations we find that SPT-2 is necessary is when the cord will be out during the summer months. UV is the #1 enemy of lights and electrical cord and by having insulation that is twice as thick, you’ll get more life out of the cord. This is especially true for rooftop lighting applications where there is no shade and the UV index can hit above a level 10 during the summer.
Like many issues within the Christmas lighting industry, this is a topic of much debate and everyone seems to have their own opinion regarding which option is better. However, SPT-1 is still the most often used type of cord and we sell it about 10 to 1 over SPT-2. We’ve been installing Christmas lights for over 35 years in sunny, hot South Florida and we still use SPT-1 on all our seasonal installations. But from time to time when we’ll be leaving a project lit for a longer period of time, we will go ahead and spend a little extra and go with SPT-2.
Whichever option you go with, we’ve got you covered. Aren’t sure which cord is best. Give us a call or shoot us an email and we can help you out.
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